Asset allocation

01 Dec 2023


Asset allocation is an investment strategy that involves allocating funds in a portfolio to different types of assets, such as stocks, bonds, real estate, etc., to achieve an optimal balance of risk and return.

The goal of this strategy is to diversify investments across different assets, thereby reducing the overall portfolio risk and achieving more stable returns in different market environments.

In simple terms, asset allocation is like preparing a sumptuous dinner where you don't just eat one type of food but combine various ingredients to make the dish more delicious and nutritious.

Here's an example of asset allocation with an investment case to help you better understand it:

Suppose Jack has $100,000 of investment capital, and he decides to invest this amount in different types of assets in a certain proportion to achieve risk diversification and increase investment returns.

Jack's asset allocation plan is as follows:

  1. Stock Market: 40% of the funds, which is $40,000, will be invested in stocks, with the hope of obtaining higher returns through the high-risk, high-return nature of the stock market.

  2. Bond Market: 30% of the funds, which is $30,000, will be invested in bonds, aiming to achieve relatively stable returns in the conservative bond market.

  3. Real Estate Market: 20% of the funds, which is $20,000, will be invested in real estate, with the expectation of long-term stable capital appreciation and rental income.

  4. Cash and Others: 10% of the funds, which is $10,000, will be kept as reserves or for other special investment opportunities.

Suppose in the following year, Jack's asset allocation yields the following rates of return:

Stock Market: Annual return rate of 20% Bond Market: Annual return rate of 5% Real Estate Market: Annual return rate of 8% Cash and Others: Annual return rate of 1%

Jack's investment capital after one year is calculated as follows:

Stock Market: 40,000 * (1 + 20%) = $48,000 Bond Market: 30,000 * (1 + 5%) = $31,500 Real Estate Market: 20,000 * (1 + 8%) = $21,600 Cash and Others: 10,000 * (1 + 1%) = $10,100

Jack's total investment capital after one year is $48,000 + $31,500 + $21,600 + $10,100 = $111,200

Through asset allocation, Jack's investment capital has appreciated by 11.2% over one year. If Jack had invested all the funds in the stock market, he might have achieved a higher return, but with greater risk. The asset allocation approach helps him achieve risk diversification and reduces the overall portfolio volatility.

It is important to note that the allocation percentages in asset allocation can be adjusted based on individual risk tolerance, investment objectives, and market expectations.

Different investors may have different asset allocation strategies to adapt to different market environments and personal needs. Through proper asset allocation, you can better balance risk and return in a complex and ever-changing market and achieve long-term stable financial growth.

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